All of this made me recall one of the prettiest plantation houses we ever visited. Tuckahoe Plantation in Richmond, Virginia was built in the early eighteenth century. The 640 acre working farm is a National Historic Landmark and served as the childhood home to young Thomas Jefferson. Open to visitors by appointment, it is privately owned and now a self-sustaining property. Is it as stately as Jefferson's Monticello, the Biltmore Estate in Asheville, NC or any of the summer houses in Newport, RI? Of course not. I highly recommend touring all of these beautiful homes too. But Tuckahoe has an understated and quiet presence. It isn't trying to impress anyone. It's surviving in the 21st century while maintaining its impressive history.
Today Tuckahoe Plantation raises and markets grass fed beef, lamb, rabbit, eggs and holiday turkeys; the wool from their flock of sheep is spun into yarn to sell; a greenhouse is on the premises; weddings and receptions are held on the grounds and the plantation hosts annual Easter egg hunts and Christmas tours. For more information, visit its website at Tuckahoe Plantation.
For a little history please read the following essay I wrote several years ago about the plantation house. (As always, content and photos are copyright protected.) © Veronica Randolph Batterson
The little school house now serves as a gift shop, but in the mid-eighteenth century it served to mold the early mind of our country’s third president. Thomas Jefferson spent seven years of his young life living at Tuckahoe, an H-shaped clapboard plantation house established circa 1715 high above the James River west of Richmond, Virginia. The school house is but one still existing structure standing on Tuckahoe’s grounds. Also reminding visitors of the home’s beautifully preserved history looms the outbuildings and gardens. Nearby is the family burial plot where many of the original owners of Tuckahoe rest. Yet, Tuckahoe’s existence is virtually unknown.
Thomas Randolph, builder of Tuckahoe, was one of the sons of William and Mary Randolph of Turkey Island. Many perceive them as the founding family of Virginia while they were progenitors of some of the most famous names in this country’s history. Peyton Randolph, President of the First Continental Congress, Edmund Randolph, Secretary of State and Attorney General, John Randolph of Roanoke, as well as Thomas Jefferson all descended from William Randolph.
Thomas Randolph’s son, another William, inherited Tuckahoe from his father and was a friend of Peter Jefferson. Jefferson married Jane Randolph, William’s cousin. In 1745, due to William’s premature death and personal request, Peter Jefferson took his family to live at Tuckahoe and care for the parentless Randolph children. William’s wife had died in 1742. Young Thomas Jefferson was only two years old. It is written that he was sitting upon a pillow astride a horse when he and his parents, Peter and Jane, first arrived there.
Prior to reaching Tuckahoe that very first time, perhaps he traveled down the cedar-lined lane that now introduces visitors to the historic dwelling. Just what kind of visuals this impressive home stimulated in the young scholar can only be imagined. One wonders if the architecture of the fine house influenced his foresight in designing more famous structures such as Monticello and the Rotunda of the University of Virginia. Jefferson did learn to read and write in the little school house on the grounds, a place he would later refer to as the “English school”, and he shared his early learning experience with his Randolph cousins and siblings.
In 1752, the eldest Randolph child was considered old enough to handle the daily responsibilities of running a plantation. It was then Peter Jefferson returned with his family to Shadwell, their home some sixty miles away. Thomas Jefferson was nine years old when he left Tuckahoe, but the formative years he spent there more than likely inspired his multifaceted interests, talents and abilities as a musician, scientist, architect, politician and lover of books.
Fortunately, this lovely home still stands proudly, displaying where Thomas Jefferson the child lived, learned, observed and thought. It is a most impressive image especially when one thinks just how much Thomas Jefferson the man achieved.
© Veronica Randolph Batterson
© Veronica Randolph Batterson